High Blood Pressure Diet
Diet for people suffering from high blood pressure is the right decision for the normalization of health condition of both adults and children. High blood pressure is the cause of diseases of the cardiovascular system. The increased pressure acts as provoking factor of various kinds of ailments and constant migraines.
High blood pressure is called hypertension, and most often it appears in the background of excess weight. There is a theory, according to which, every extra kilogram of weight increases blood pressure by 1 mm Hg. Diet for the increased pressure is aimed at normalization of water-salt balance and also to put in order condition of the body.
Nutrition should be carefully thought out, and most importantly – balanced. Every day, your ration should contain fats, carbohydrates and proteins. Daily amount of calories is distributed as follows: 15% proteins, 55% carbohydrates and 30% fats.
The number of meals should be 5 to 7 times a day, and you need to eat always at the same time. The interval between the first and the last meal should be no longer than ten hours. Before going to sleep it is forbidden to overeat.
You should limit salt intake to 5-3 grams per day. This allows you to withdraw fluid from the body quickly, not detaining it and causing swelling. Another important rule of nutrition at increased pressure – drinking regime. Avoid carbonated and sugary drinks. Every day you need to drink at least 1.5-2 liters of clean water. It will be beneficial to drink warm beverages, green tea, tea from chicory and hibiscus.
Diet at increased pressure should be based on fruits and vegetables, preferably without heat treatment. Healthy meals are fish dishes, low-fat (diet) boiled meat, dairy products and foods that contain a lot of protein.
Permitted foods at increased pressure
Crackers, crispbread from flour of first and second grade.
Seafood, fish (boiled).
Chicken, rabbit meat, turkey, veal (only boiled).
Light soups with cereals, porridges and soups from milk.
Porridges (buckwheat, barley), pasta.
Any egg dishes (per day it is recommended to consume no more than two eggs).
Dairy products, cottage cheese, cream, yogurt, sour cream, kefir, butter.
Dill, parsley and spices such as cinnamon, vanillin, bay leaf.
Fresh vegetables in any quantity, vegetable salads.
Fresh berries and fruit compotes, jelly.
Decoctions, fresh fruit juices, teas.
Forbidden foods at increased pressure
Pastries, fresh bread, pies, muffins and any flour products.
Salty, spicy, smoked, fried dishes.
Soups based on meat broth, mushroom soups, canned fish and meat.
Garlic, beans, pickled vegetables.
Fatty cheeses, fatty fish, meat, animal fats.
Meat of ducks, liver, brain.
Horseradish, mustard, mayonnaise.
Carbonated drinks, chocolate, coffee.
The approximate menu
Fresh cottage cheese.
Tea (herbal or green).
Grain bread and a slice of cheese.
Juice of fruit or vegetables.
Oat flakes with milk.
Salad of vegetables or fruit.
A cup of broth hips or tea.
Puree of apples or pumpkins.
A glass of mineral water or green tea.
Any fish and lean meat, steamed or boiled.
Ragout of vegetables or salad with vegetable oil.
Juice from vegetables with pulp.
Steamed cutlets with sour cream sauce.
Compote or baked fruit.
A pair of grain crackers.
A cup of green tea or hibiscus tea.
Cottage cheese or a slice of cheese casserole.
Yogurt or a glass of kefir.
A fresh vegetable salad.
Steamed vegetable cutlets.
A cup of green tea.
Snack (before bedtime)
A glass of kefir or milk.
An apple or half a grapefruit.